The Pill

Oral Contraception (“the pill”) is a tablet containing female hormones that is taken in order to prevent pregnancy.

There are two types of oral contraceptive pills; the combined oral contraceptive pill (COC) and the progestogen-only pill (POP).

There are a number of different types of pills available, which contain different amounts of hormones depending on the particular pill.

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pill 1-4

  • Contain a combination of two hormones, oestrogen & progestogen and protects against pregnancy by preventing ovulation or the release of an egg each month
  • Can be up to 99% effective when taken correctly and consistently
  • If you forget to take your pill within 12 hours it may not be effective

 

Progestogen-only Pill 5,6

  • Contains just one hormone, progestogen & no oestrogen and protects against pregnancy by thickening the mucus in the cervix, which stops sperm reaching an egg
  • Stop ovulation and prevent fertilisation
  • Can be up to 99% effective when taken at the same time every day
  • If you forget to take your POP pill within 12 hours, it may not be effective
  • Other POPs have a 3hour missed pill window, please refer to the patient information leaflet contained inside your pill packet
  • Taken consistently for 28 days with no pill free break

 

References:

  1. Elvina SPC
  2. Elvinette SPC
  3. Azalia SPC
  4. Violite SPC
  5. Azalia SPC
  6. Cerazette SPC